Browsing All posts tagged under »experts & expertise«

Conceptions of speech acts in the theory and practice of argumentation

April 20, 2014

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Goodwin, Jean. (2014).  Conceptions of speech acts in the theory and practice of argumentation: A case study of a debate about advocating.  Studies in Logic, Grammar & Rhetoric, 36 (49), 79-98. Far from being of interest only to argumentation theorists, concep- tions of speech acts play an important role in practitioners’ self-reflection on their own activities. […]

Communication strategies for earning trust in climate change debates

December 3, 2013

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Climate scientists need the trust of lay audiences if they are to share their knowledge. But significant audience segments—those doubtful or dismissive of climate change—distrust climate scientists.

L’autorità di Wikipedia

July 4, 2013

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Sistemi Intelligenti 25 (2013) 9-38; very kindly translated by Fabio Paglieri from the original. Philosophers of argumentation and of testimony suggest that we can rely on what someone says because of its epistemic merits. If so, then we should never credit Wikipedia, since we cannot assess what its anonymous contributors know. I propose instead that […]

Lippmann, the indispensable opposition

July 14, 2012

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Lippmann's thoroughgoing pessimism may lead us to a better understanding of the role of communication in public deliberations between scientists and citizens.

What is ‘responsible advocacy’ in science? Good advice.

July 14, 2012

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"Responsible" advocacy is still advocacy. To be good, it should be zealous. But zeal undermines scientific authority. So advising, not advocating, should be the speech act of choice.

Good reasons for trusting climate science communication

July 14, 2012

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Scientists can earn trust--but only by making themselves vulnerable.

Accounting for the appeal to the authority of experts

July 14, 2012

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Experts have methods for earning the trust of lay audiences--but using their authority is costly. I explain how.

Trust in experts as a principal-agent problem

July 14, 2012

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Principal-agent theory can help us understand some of the reasons we may have for distrusting experts--and how that distrust can be addressed.

Dilemmas of expertise in sustainable agriculture

July 14, 2012

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What do four eminent experts in sustainable agriculture think of their roles in policy-making? And what communication strategies do they understand they have to fulfill those roles?

The authority of the IPCC First Assessment Report and the manufacture of consensus

July 14, 2012

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"Consensus" as the strategy selected by scientists associated with the IPCC--a poor rhetorical choice.

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