Goodwin, Jean. “Actually Existing Rules for Closing Arguments.” In Pondering on Problems of Argumentation: Twenty Essays on Theoretical Issues, edited by Frans H. van Eemeren and Bart Garssen. 287-98. Dordrecht: Springer, 2009.
Closing arguments in the highly regulated context of criminal trials should be governed by rules, right? They aren’t. This suggests that arguing is an “unruly” activity, and that we shouldn’t be trying to model it by theorizing sets of rules.